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peat soil encyclopedia

Peat soils A soil that is derived completely from the decomposing remains of plants Plants that commonly form peat include reeds sedges sphagnum moss and grasses The plant remains do not decompose but continue to accumulate because the wet andor cool environment in which they occur is not conducive to aerobic decomposition  perhitungan kapasitas jaw crusher brazil

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  • peat soil encyclopedia

    Peat Facts for Kids Kiddle encyclopedia Peat or turf is an accumulation of partially decayed forms in wetland bogs moors mires and swamps Formation Peat forms when plant material usually in marshy areas is inhibited from decaying fully by acidic and anaerobic conditions

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  • peat soil encyclopedia

    Peat an organic fuel consisting of spongy material formed by the partial decomposition of organic matter primarily plant material in wetlands such as swamp s muskegs bog s fen s and moor s The development of peat is favoured by warm moist climatic conditions however peat can develop even in cold regions such as Siberia Canada

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  • peat soil encyclopedia

    Peatlands are carbonrich ecosystems that cover just three per cent of Earths land surface but store onethird of soil carbon Peat soils are formed by the buildup of partially decomposed

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  • peat soil encyclopedia

    Jun 13 2017 · Organic soil is a soil that contains a significant amount of organic material recently derived from plant remains Technically any material that contains carbon is called “organic” However engineers and geologist use a more narrow definition when applying the term to soils

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  • peat soil encyclopedia

    Formation Peat forms when plant material usually in marshy areas is inhibited from decaying fully by acidic and anaerobic conditions It is composed mainly of marshland vegetation trees grasses fungi as well as other types of organic remains such as insects and animal remains

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  • peat soil encyclopedia

    Peat is formed from the residues of dead plants whose aerial organs have become humified and mineralized in the aerated surface stratum of a bog the peatproducing horizon by soil invertebrates bacteria and fungi The underground organs in an anaerobic medium are preserved and they form the structural or fibrous part of peat

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  • peat soil encyclopedia

    Peat moss soil amendment made of partly decayed dried sphagnum moss Decayed dried sphagnum moss has the name of peat or peat moss This is used as a soil conditioner which increases the soils capacity to hold water and nutrients by increasing capillary forces and cation exchange capacity uses that are particularly useful in gardening

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  • peat soil encyclopedia

    Oct 17 2016 · Peat soils have the ability to store human remains or ancient artefacts for thousands of years since they have very minimal microbial decomposition A good example of this is the 4000 year old body of a man found in peat from CashelCentral Ireland

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  • peat soil encyclopedia

    peat soil material consisting of partially decomposed organic matter found mainly in swamps and bogs in various parts of the northern temperate zone but also in some semitropical and tropical regions

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  • peat soil encyclopedia

    Peat is a soft crumbly dark brown substance that is formed from generations of dead and partially decaying organic form peat the vegetation must fall and be buried in a relatively oxygen poor environment so that it can be incorporated into layers of the soil without completely decomposing Peat contains energy that the plants it contains created using photosynthesis

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  • peat soil encyclopedia

    Peat is also dug into soil to increase the soils capacity to retain moisture and add nutrients This makes it important agriculturally for farmers and gardeners Its insulating properties make it of use to industry Peat fires are used to dry malted barley for use in Scotch whisky distillation

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  • peat soil encyclopedia

    peatlands are wetland ecosystems that accumulate plant material under saturated conditions to form layers of peat soil up to 20 meters 65 feet thickstoring on average 10 times more carbon per hectare than other ecosystems and twice as much as the biomass of the worlds forests

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  • peat soil encyclopedia

    Peat is a soft crumbly dark brown substance that is formed from generations of dead and partially decaying organic matter To form peat the vegetation must fall and be buried in a relatively oxygen poor environment so that it can be incorporated into layers of the soil without completely decomposing

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  • peat soil encyclopedia

    Oct 23 2015 · These include use as a soil supplement in horticulture as a filter for domestic and industrial waste water as an absorbent in sanitary products and animal litter and in decorative products such as flower jars Peat has also been used to help clean up oil spills see Water pollution The microscopic pores of Sphagnum plants make these mosses

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  • peat soil encyclopedia

    Peat is a carbon store a semifinite resource regenerating only slowly after extraction and since the late 1980s environmental lobbies have urged peat harvest reduction and replacement of peat by other organic materials regarded as renewable Carlile 1997 Carlile and Waller 2013

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  • peat soil encyclopedia

    Peat soils are the most dominant type of organic soils developed through centuries under wetland conditions by the accumulation of partially decomposed and undecomposed plant residues The other type of organic soil is muck which also develops by the accumulation of organic soil materials but in this type materials are relatively well decomposed and the sources of materials are not identifiable

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  • peat soil encyclopedia

    Peat is important for farmers and gardeners who mix it into soil to improve its structure and to increase acidity The most important property of peat is retaining moisture in soil when it is dry and yet preventing the excess of water from killing roots when it is wet Peat can

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  • peat soil encyclopedia

    Peat or turf is an accumulation of partially decayed forms in wetland bogs moors mires and swamps Formation Peat forms when plant material usually in marshy areas is inhibited from decaying fully by acidic and anaerobic conditions It is composed mainly of marshland vegetation trees grasses fungi as well as other types of organic remains such as insects and

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  • peat soil encyclopedia

    Sphagnum species are also commonly called peat moss due to its prevalence as one of the major plant species in peat bogs As mosses they are nonvascular land plants Peat moss is commonly sold as a soil structure enhancer or conditioner or used in potting of plants Sphagnum moss has also been used medicinally for centuries as a dressing for wounds

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  • peat soil encyclopedia

    COAL OIL SHALE NATURAL BITUMEN HEAVY OIL AND PEAT – Vol II Conditions of Peat Formation Liu Xintu ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems EOLSS value directly influence the decomposition degree of organic debris thereby influencing peat formation Peat is the material which is created and transformed within mires formed only when

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  • peat soil encyclopedia

    peat Peat properties reflect the peatforming environment development process and the types of peatforming plants Peat consists of organic matter mineral matter and water Under natural conditions the content of water in peat exceeds 80 and content of gases content is about 6 In dry peat the organic matter content can reach 50

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  • peat soil encyclopedia

    Peat sometimes called peat moss increases soils ability to retain water Bog Ecology Bogs are ecologically important because they absorb great amounts of precipitation They prevent flooding and absorb runoff Sphagnum moss reeds sedges and heather are common bog plants

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  • peat soil encyclopedia

    Septic effluent which has been processed through the peat biofilter is discharged into a soil absorption system such as a stone bed below the peat pods or to a dosing tank where it is pumped to a mound or other soil absorption system

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  • peat soil encyclopedia

    Peat swamp forests are forest wetlands in tropical and subtropical areas They have poor drainage and waterlogged soil prevents dead leaves and wood from fully decomposing Over time this creates a thick layer of acidic peat They are made up of trees which are broadleaved not conifers and many other types of flowering plants

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  • peat soil encyclopedia

    For most peat fen transitional bog bog soils the peat layer thickness is more than 1 m as the very thin 3050 cm and thin 50100 cm peat soils may be taken as transitional peaty soil covers between mineral and organic peat soils

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  • peat soil encyclopedia

    Soil is the mixture of minerals organic matter liquids and gases covering most of the Earths land surface and that serves or has the ability to serve as a medium for the growth of land gh it may be covered by shallow water if the water is too deep to support land plants typically more than 25 meters then the rockcovering mixture is not considered to be soil USDA 1999

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